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Ethics Of Genetic Testing

Genetic testing is becoming increasingly popular both for testing paternity and family history as well as diagnostic genetic testing but what are the ethics of genetic testing? In this article we will look at a number of ethical principles related to DNA testing in order to help give the reader a better understanding of this sensitive topic.


The first ethical principle of genetic testing is that all scientific testing needs to be done with informed consent. If you are going to have genetic testing done you need to know the risks, benefits, possible results and everything possible about the test you are going to have done and what it could show. Once you have all the information you can get either through your own research or through speaking to a qualified geneticist or medical doctor you should carefully consider how these results could change your life and what the risk is of knowing or not knowing the results.


Another point in the ethics of genetic testing is that the decision to have genetic testing done should be free from coercion and is entirely up to the individual. No one should pressure you into having genetic testing done, no matter what the reason is. As mentioned above, you need to know exactly what the testing will show, what the results are likely to be, the risks and benefits involved and then the decision needs to be entirely up to you if you are the one being tested. You in turn should in no way pressurize someone else to have genetic testing done because you believe it to be beneficial.


The ethics of genetic testing also demands privacy. If you have chosen to go for genetic testing you should find out how confidential the laboratory keeps your information and what precautions they have in place to ensure your privacy. Genetic testing can be a very sensitive and sometimes emotionally traumatic experience and you will need to know that you alone decide who is going to know about it.


In conclusion the ethics of genetic testing needs to be based on a number of ethical principles including informed consent, free will and privacy and confidentiality. If you are going for Prenatal DNA test you need to ensure that you now as much as possible about what the test involves, what results you could get, and what the implications would be. You should also in no way feel pressurized to go for genetic testing and you should only do it if it is something that you want to do. Lastly, question the laboratory where you are going to have the testing done about their privacy policy and guarantees of confidentiality.


Learn more about paternity test on our site. You'll also find other information such as postnatal DNA testing. GeneticDNATestingHelp.org is a comprehensive resource for people who are interested in gentic DNA testing for paternity, genealogy, or medical reasons.


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